Mining companies recognise the value of local knowledge and that by encouraging empowerment and building relationships there can be long-term sustainable outcomes for all. The global bauxite mining industry invests on average more than US$ 400,000 annually per mine in support of community programmes. Formalised systems are in place to identify and work with stakeholders and develop strategies to address their concerns and expectations. Consideration is given to the local context and to social and cultural factors in order to facilitate understanding and informed discussion. The effectiveness of communication, consultation and participation processes is regularly reviewed with stakeholders.